Saturday, February 23, 2013

How to Handel the Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Solution

Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)

Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is a reactant which plays a big role in SCR process. It is a nontoxic and aqueous solution of 67.5% water and 32.5% urea. The urea is a chemical compound of nitrogen that turns to ammonia at the time of heating. DEF is extensively used in a number of industries commonly in agriculture and fertilizer.

The fluid is neither dangerous nor inflammable while handling. But it is extremely corrosive to metal, especially aluminum and copper.

Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Handling

While handling the DEF solution, it is essential that process connectors be properly connected or accurately encapsulated. Otherwise there can be a risk that DEF may cause oxidation that cannot be noticeable. Compressed air or water does not work as DEF oxidizes metal very quickly.

In case a connector comes in contact with the DEF solution, it is necessary to be rinsed without wasting any time to avoid DEF solution from creeping into the copper wiring.

What You Should Know about Spilled Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) 

If the DEF solution is completely spilled onto any vehicle, make sure to wipe off the rinse and excess with water. The spilled DEF solution can create white crystals on your vehicle. So, it is better to rinse off such crystals with water. 

If the urea solution comes in contact with your skin, rinse with water and try to remove the contaminated clothing. 

Friday, February 22, 2013

Considering Certified Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Products

What Is DEF?

Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) is a urea solution which is used in conjunction with Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) converter. The SCR reacts with the diesel exhaust that results in a chemical breakdown producing water vapor and plain nitrogen. This solution can also be referred to as AdBlue or AUS32 ensuring the quality standardsaccord with the specification of ISO 22241.

Security of DEF Product While Buying

Whenever you think to purchase any DEF product, make sure that it displays the certification of the International Organization for Standardization ISO 22241-1, German Institute of Standardization DIN70700, American Petroleum Institute (API),and meet the specifications of AUS–32.This way, you can get the right DEF product with complete purity.

Can You Make DEF On Your Own?

It is recommended to not try making DEF by individuals who are not professionals for this process. There are strict requirements for manufacturing and maintaining purity and concentration of ingredients that are essential for proper functionality and durability of SCR system.

Companies like Cummins are required use with SCR systems meeting all specifications of ISO22241along with the requirements of API certification. It is better to buy only a certified DEF product and avoid blending it on your own. To find out more information about the high standards, refer to ISO22241 which provides complete specifications for DEF quality, testing, refilling, handling, and transportation storage. 

ProFlow Dynamics having wide range of DEF Products   

Stainless Steel Flow Meters - G2 Industrial Grade Meters

GPI Stainless Steel Flow meter line is used with acidic cleaning agents, ammonium, caustic, plating solutions, fuel products and some other chemicals. The lithium battery powered electronic display G2 Stainless Steel flow meter is calibrated for reading liters and gallons per minute with 2 totals. From them, one is resettable and provides you a cumulative flow total. G2 Stainless Steel flow meters are available in 1/2 inch, 1 inch, 1 1/2 inch, 2 inch and 3/4 inch models.

Select the G2 Industrial Grade Meter when the process demands a rugged. It is easier to find Industrial Grade Meters in a wide variety of sizes, materials, electronic choices and special fittings. Innovative designs are also available combining a microprocessor-based flow computer and a turbine style flow sensor with a direct mount.

Stainless Steel Flow Meters perform remarkably in a wide range of fluid handling applications like transportation, processing, production, maintenance, assembly, refining, and other services. These are precise enough and meeting the required specification of laboratory conditions. Additionally, they are rugged enough to work reliably in severe and refinery environments.

Additionally, Stainless Steel Flow Meters - G2 Industrial Grade Meters are easy to use, easy to service, and easy to access without compromising accuracy. It is better to learn complete information about the Stainless Steel Flow Meters - G2 Industrial Grade Meters and opt for the suitable one that meets your complete requirements.

Thursday, February 21, 2013

Safety Measures for the 12 Volt Fuel Transfer Pump

Fuel transfer pumps are used to transfer fuel from one container to another. In motor vehicles, it transfers gas from an auxiliary tank to the main tank. In industries, 12 volt fuel transfer pumps are used to transfer fuel from large storage tanks to the machinery like tractors.

The fuel transfer pump usually moves large amounts of gasoline, kerosene, solvents, and diesel fuel. When it comes to using a 12 volt fuel pump, there are some safety measures that you should keep in your mind to prevent any injury.

Personal Safety

Petroleum fuels can be very dangerous and can also lead to skin irritation. Ensure that you wear appropriate protective gears like aprons, heavy gloves and goggles while handling petroleum fuels to stay away from any skin contact. Also keep in mind to change the saturated cloths as early as possible and properly wash your skin with water and soap.

Fuel Safety

Never operate the fuel transfer pump in presence of any source or sign of ignition like heaters, spark, lit cigarettes, flame or hot engines.Do not smoke while working with fuel. It is better that to use transfer pump only for the fluids that the particular manufacturer designs for carrying it.

With the help of proactive steps, you can protect you and others from unexpected situations and also able to use the 12 volt diesel pump or 12 volt fuel transfer pump efficiently.

Fuel Nozzle: Benefits and Types

Fuel nozzles control the characteristics and direction of a fluid’s flow,as it exits an enclosed pipe or chamber through the outlet. A nozzle is commonly a tube or pipe of the varying cross sectional areas. It can also be used for directing or modifying the flow of a fluid (gas or liquid). The nozzle is commonly used in checking and controlling the rate of flow, mass, speed, direction, shape and the stream pressure.

Benefits of Fuel Nozzle:

  • Higher initial cost
  • Maximum reach with available water
  • Nozzle flow control
  • Reliable hard-hitting streams
  • Nozzle reaction is a direct indication of flow
  • Adjustable to the varying conditions of water supply
  • Accurate nozzle pressure with suitable flow

Types of Fuel Nozzle:

Jet: A hydro jet, fluid jet or gas jet is a nozzle used to eject the fluid or gas in a coherent stream. A gas jet is usually found in barbecues, ovens or gas stoves.

High Velocity: It increases the kinetic energy of the flowing medium frequently at the rate of internal energy and pressure.

Propelling: A jet creates a net thrust from the energy obtained from a combusting fuel added to the inducted air.

Spray: Nozzles makes a fine spray of liquids for the best performance.

Magnetic: These nozzles is proposed for different types of propulsion like VASIMR wherein the flow of plasma.

Vacuum: The vacuum cleaner nozzle is available in various shapes. 

ProFlow Dynamics Supplies of Fuel Nozzles

Installation of DEF Pumps into Totes and Drums

Before installing DEF (Diesel Exhaust Fluid) pumps into totes and drums, it is important to know everything about DEF. This would give you a good idea on how to take the appropriate steps and find out the best solution for you. DEF is an organic and non-toxic compound composed of 67.5% DI water and 32.5% urea. In a Selective Catalytic Converter System (SCR), the diesel exhaust fluid is included to the diesel exhaust. It happens in presence of a catalyst to change the smog producing nitrogen oxide into safe water vapor and nitrogen.

After that, the emissions in the exhaust can meet the new stricter emission standards of EPA for new diesel vehicles. In order to meet the new guidelines, diesel trucks have the on-board DEF storage tanks that range from 16 to 30 gallons.The main requirement of a SCR system is the steady refilling of such storage tanks.

How are DEF Pumps used?

In order to fill storage tanks, you can use drum transfer pumps for a higher volume and an open system container,seal-lesscentrifugal pump for an effective custom engineered dispensing system. It is important to employ only reliable DEF pumps for high-quality and non-contaminating materials that do not have to compromise the strict purity requirements of diesel exhaust fluid.

Installation of DEF Pumps into Totes and Drums 

You can use a barrel adapter to install a DEF Pump into a 55 gal (208 L) or 330 gal (1249 L). Ensure that the barrel adapter is added properly with the each pump in a right order. In case you face any trouble in the process, get in touch with the customer service provider of the manufacturer. If the DEF pump is in the warranty period, it would be installed or repaired as per the requirements.

Warning: Always protect the drum to prevent tipping. DEF is pumped through the drum, and particularly when there are only a few gallons left, so make sure that the unit should be top-heavy. This would prevent any unexpected situation and help you use the DEF pump without any trouble.

Caution: Ensure that you transfer the DEF pump directly from the used container to a new one. Never allow the pump to get in touch with any foreign material. 

Ordering of the DEF pump is the most crucial aspect that you should consider for the best outcome. This will give the optimum result and help you work on it efficiently. 

ProFlow Dynamics Supplier of DEF Pumps 

Cam and Groove Fittings

Camlock Couplings (also known as Cam and Groove fittings) are used for various applications requiring quick connect and disconnect of fittings to hoses or pipes. These fittings are used for different liquids, and you can find them in different materials. 

Accessories for Cam and Camlock Couplings Include:

  • EZ-Boss Lock Cam and Groove
  • Dust plugs
  • Andrews Cam and Groove
  • Gaskets
  • Import cam and groove
  • Adapters
  • Reducing couplers

EZ Boss-Lock cam and groove couplers, Dixon, adapters, and Boss-Lock are designed to interchange with different products. However, no standard exists for ½" and 8" fittings. Generally, these sizes are not interchangeable with the products of other manufacturers.

Dust plugs and dust caps are not for using in pressure applications for the safety of the environment. These are designed to use with consult Dixon and liquidsfor specific recommendations. Such recommendations are based on the use of mating Dixon fittings at ambient temperature (70°F) with standard Buna-N Seal installed. If you want use at elevated temperature or in any other unusual operating conditions, it is better to consult the manufacturer. 

Uses forCamlock Fittings: 

  • Chemical processing
  • Petroleum handling
  • Agricultural
  • Rail car handling
  • Water
  • Dry bulk handling
  • Secure hoses to tanks
  • General winery
  • Fix pipes
  • Secure hoses to pumps
  • Fix other hoses
  • For water pump allocations like transfer pumps and trash pumps

ProFlow Dynamics Having Wide Range of Camlock Fitting And Coupling

Friday, February 15, 2013

What Is A Flow Meter?

Definition of Flow Meter: 
A flow meter is an instrument or a device that is used to measure mass, linear, nonlinearor volumetric flow rate of gas and liquid.Different types of flow meters are available in the market depending on their needs. For instance, a Turbine flow meter is a good option for measuring the flow for a low cost application. 

Types of Flow Meters Commonly Used in Various Industries:

  • Mag flow meter
  • Micro flow meter
  • Vortex flow meter
  • Portable ultrasonic flow meter
  • Ultrasonic flow meter
  • Low flow meter
  • Diesel fuel flow meter
  • Fuel flow meter
  • Turbine meter
  • Digital flow meter
  • Magnetic flow meter
  • Mechanical flow meter 

Selection Criteria of Flow Meters: 

Before choosing any flow meter, certain questionsneed to be answered such as: 

  • Indicator: Local or Remote 
  • Application: Gas or Liquid 
  • Flow rate: Minimum / Maximum
  • Liquid type: Clear / Corrosive 
  • Type of Liquid: Corrosive / Non Corrosive
  • Line Size
  • Viscosity of Liquid 
  • Operating Temperature 
  • Operating Pressure
  • Material of construction of wetted parts 

Required Conditions:

There are certain necessary conditions for flow meters to work properly: 

  •  It is important that the flow should be properly streamlined at inlet and outlet of any flow meter. Its failure may lead to turbulence due to which the reading may vary and may get the loss of accuracy.
  •  The pipeline should be filled completely to prevent any leakage. In case the flow passes through partial filled pipe lines, erratic readings may occur.

Please contact the professionals at Pro Flow Dynamics today for help with your flow meter applications. 

Types of Fuel Transfer Pumps

What is a Fuel Transfer Pump?

A fuel transfer pump can be an important component of internal combustion engine vehicles and devices. There are many engines that do not require any fuel pump like old motorcycle engines instead need gravity to transfer the fuel through a hose or a line to the engine.

The fuel transfer pump moves the fuel out of the fuel tank to different parts of the engine to allow it to run in a smooth way. It is usually placed outside of the fuel tank, however can also be on the back of the injection pump or within the fuel tank. 

There are a number of fuel transfer pumps available in the market to choose from including the following:

  • Peristaltic Pump – It is a dosing pump that works by using rollers to squeeze the flexible tubing.
  • Manual Pump – It usesmechanical advantage and human power to move air or fluid from one place to another.
  • Gear Pump – It uses the meshing of gears to pump fluid through displacement.
  • Axial Flow Pump – It is a common type of pump that comprises a propeller in a pipe.
  • Bladder Pump – It contains a squeezable bladder and a flexiblecover in a rigid outer casing.
  • Rotary Pump – It consists of vanes mounted to a rotor.
  • Cantilever Pump – It is normally used in sump pump applications.
  • Turbine Pump – It uses pressure in a combination with a rotary mechanism to transfer fluid.
  • Piston Pump – It uses suction to increase the fuel into its chamber.

Most of these types of fuel transfer pumps can easily be purchased with Pro Flow Dynamics at affordable rates.

Friday, February 8, 2013

Standards of Cam & Groove Couplings

Cam and groove couplings are also known as cam lock fittings, and are used for hose connections to prevent leakages. These couplings are popular because of their easy usage and affordability to reconnect and disconnect. These can be used in systems in which rapid filing of chemical drums happen.

Cam and groove couplings also have some standards for diverse purposes.Here are some of those standards:

Federal Mil A-A-59326A 

This standard for cam and groove couplings is based on the US Military Specification Mil-C-27487.It specifies the inspection procedures, casting methods,pressure ratings, dimensions, materials and tolerances.In 1998, the specification of Mil-C-27487 was changed by Federal Military standard: A-A-59326A.This new standard guarantees the interchangeability of couplings which are designed to the similar specification. 

EN 14420-7 

This European standard was permitted by CEN in 2004. It was also used to cam and groove couplings designed to American“military specification” MIL-C-27487 / A-A-59326A.The US standard does not employ the connection side, instead the coupling side. Some other parts such as seals, levers, rings and boltsare not standardized.

DIN 2828 

Original MIL-C-27487 can be interchangeable to DIN 2828 standard. However, DIN 2828 varies in terms of hose tail part number, design etc.